A Few Forest Frogs

Kurixalus appendiculatus [FRILLED-TREE FROG] Sabah, Borneo 10-10-2017


Frogs? Amphibians? What’s the Fuss?

I have always loved frogs, ever since I was a little boy.

I still haven’t put my finger on what exactly mesmerises me so much. Is it their slippery skin, their hopping legs and huge eyes? Is it their diversity, the number of different body shapes and colours they exhibit? Is it that they have semi-permiable skin by which they absorb oxygen, that some lay eggs that are translucent so you can see the young develop? Is it that some frogs carry their tadpoles/froglets on their back or even in their mouths? Is it that they undergo a dramatic metamorphosis from tadpole to frog? Is it that they are found on every continent except Antarctica, and that amphibians have existed on Earth for over 300 million years? Or, is it that nearly 168 species are believed to have gone extinct in the last two decades and more than 43% of the world’s amphibian species are in decline?

It is all these things and more.

I believe frogs to be particularly worthy of our interest and conservation, especially due to the worrying global amphibian population declines that appear to be one of the most severe examples of the Holocene extinction. The unprecedented loss of amphibians will have severe implications for global biodiversity.


Finding Frogs in Borneo

During our recent visit to Danau Girang Field Centre in Borneo, I was desperate to get out at night and photograph as many frogs as possible. Walking up and down the track from the jetty to the Centre we saw many species. We also managed to join Juan (a researcher at the Centre) and a few local guides during their field work which gave me more time to search. The following are some of the species we encountered.


Species Encountered


Family: Dicroglossidae

Fejervarya limnocharis [ASIAN GRASS FROG] Sabah, Borneo 08-10-2017 (2)
Fejervarya limnocharis [ASIAN GRASS FROG]
Limnonectes finchi [ROUGH GUARDIAN FROG], Sabah, Borneo 12-10-2017
Limnonectes finchi [ROUGH GUARDIAN FROG] with tadpoles


Family: Microhylidae

Metaphrynella sundana [BORNEAN TREE-HOLE FROG] Sabah, Borneo 06-10-2017
Metaphrynella sundana [BORNEAN TREE-HOLE FROG]
Microhyla perparva [LEAST NARROW-MOUTHED FROG] Sabah, Borneo 09-10-2017
Microhyla perparva [LEAST NARROW-MOUTHED FROG]


Family: Ranidae

Hylarana megalonesa [WHITE-LIPPED FROG] Sabah, Borneo 06-10-2017 (1)
Hylarana megalonesa [WHITE-LIPPED FROG]
Hylarana glandulosa [ROUGH-SIDED FROG] Sabah, Borneo 08-10-2017
Hylarana glandulosa [ROUGH-SIDED FROG]


Family: Rhacophoridae

Kurixalus appendiculatus [FRILLED-TREE FROG] Sabah, Borneo 07-10-2017 (2).jpg
Kurixalus appendiculatus [FRILLED TREE FROG]
Polypedates colletti [COLLETT'S TREE FROG] Sabah, Borneo 08-10-2017
Polypedates colletti [COLLETT’S TREE FROG]
Polypedates leucomystax [FOUR-LINED TREE FROG] Sabah, Borneo 08-10-2017
Polypedates leucomystax [FOUR-LINED TREE FROG]
Polypedates macrotis [DARK-EARED TREE FROG] Sabah, Borneo 10-10-2017
Polypedates macrotis [DARK-EARED TREE FROG]


To see larger versions of the above photos, click on the thumbnails below.


Although we managed to see a good number of species, there were many more we didn’t come across. I guess you can’t see everything you want at once. The only remedy is a return visit and more time exploring the forest. Well then, until next time!


Want to Read More?

If you’d like to read more about our trip to Borneo and the wildlife we encountered there, check out some of our other blog posts here:

Zoomology DGFC

Zoomology Lantern Bug Post.jpg


References and Further Reading

Amphibia Website – https://amphibiaweb.org/declines/declines.html
(Retrieved 8 November, 2017)

IUCN Red List Website, Asian Grass Frog – http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/58275/0
(Retrieved 8 November, 2017)

IUCN Red List Website, Bornean Tree-hole Frog – http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/57872/0
(Retrieved 8 November, 2017)

IUCN Red List Website, Collett’s Tree Frog –  http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/58942/0
(Retrieved 8 November, 2017)

IUCN Red List Website, Dark-eared Tree Frog – http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/58955/0
(Retrieved 8 November, 2017)

IUCN Red List Website, Four-lined Tree Frog – http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/58953/0(Retrieved 8 November, 2017)

IUCN Red list Website, Frilled tree frog – http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/58972/0(Retrieved 8 November, 2017)

IUCN Red List Website, Least Narrow-mouthed Frog – http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/57888/0
(Retrieved 13 November, 2017)

IUCN Red List Website, Rough Guardian Frog – http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/58333/0
(Retrieved 8 November, 2017)

IUCN Red List Website, Rough-sided Frog – http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/58603/0
(Retrieved 8 November, 2017)

IUCN Red List Website, White-lipped Frog – http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/58568/0
(Retrieved 8 November, 2017)

Wikipedia Website, Decline in Amphibian Populations – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decline_in_amphibian_populations
(Retrieved 8 November, 2017)

11 Comments Add yours

  1. Fantastic collection! I’ve always loved frogs/toads too, & get excited when we spot one in the garden. So can imagine a lot of joy at coming across this variety. I love how the frilled-tree frog blends in. Awesome photos, thank you for sharing!

    Liked by 2 people

    1. Hi Helen, thanks for popping by! We’re really glad you enjoyed the post. We certainly enjoyed photographing the subjects. 🙂 Yes, the frilled tree frog has great camouflage, doesn’t it? Happy frog-spotting to you, too!

      -Emma

      Like

  2. iAMsafari says:

    Nice photo’s guys! Just amazing how much diversity is found in the area (as long as you take the time to look for it)

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Hi Maurice, thank you! It’s very true… sometimes all it takes is a bit of time to stop and look!

      -Emma

      Liked by 1 person

    1. You’re welcome, Liz! 🙂

      -Emma

      Liked by 1 person

  3. Doug says:

    Awesome post!! Super cool photos.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you, Doug! Thanks for stopping by. 🙂

      -Emma

      Like

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