A Golden-spotted Tiger Beetle in Borneo (Cicindela aurulenta)

Down at the Jetty

Zipping about in the patches of sunlight down by the jetty at Danau Girang Field Centre were many jewel-like tiger beetles.

Click to zoom in


Capturing Tiger Beetles on Camera

Capturing them on camera was the real challenge because as soon as they noticed your movement, they were off like a shot!

The trick was to wait next to a patch of sunlight where you had recently seen a tiger beetle. If you sat still enough for long enough, an individual would eventually scuttle into your camera’s field of view.

Click to zoom in


Tiger Beetles (Family: Carabidae, Subfamily: Cicindelinae)

Tiger beetles are in the family, Carabidae, the ground beetles. There are approximately 2,600 species and subspecies of tiger beetle currently known.

Tiger beetles are known for being aggressive predators and for their fast running speed. In fact, the fastest species of tiger beetle, Cicindela hudsoni, can run at a speed of 9 km/h (5.6 mph). To put that into perspective, that’s about 125 body lengths per second!

There is an interesting side-effect to running so fast: When they move too quickly, their eyes cannot gather enough light to form an image of their prey, so the tiger beetle has to stop briefly and re-orientate itself before dashing after the prey again.  This is called a stop-and-go chase pattern. If you watch any tiger beetle for a while, you can easily observe them doing this.

All tiger beetles in both adult and larval stages are predatory. The larvae live in burrows in the ground. They wait at the top of these burrows for small insects to wander close enough to capture. The adults use their speed and large, curved mandibles to chase and capture prey. They will eat just about anything they can catch, which is usually other invertebrates. But, they have been known to scavenge for their food and occasionally to scavenge on even vertebrate animals.

Cicindela aurulenta [GOLDEN SPOTTED TIGER BEETLE] Sabah, Borneo 12-10-2017 Zoomology (1)Click to zoom in


The Golden-spotted Tiger Beetle (Cicindela aurulenta)

The golden-spotted tiger beetle, also known as the blue-spotted tiger beetle, was first described in Sumatra but occurs over much of Southeast Asia. They can be found in a wide range of sandy habitats, including near shorelines, river bars, sand dunes, mangrove fragments and forest trails.

They can reach approximately 16–18 millimetres in length. Their elytra (the protective wing-covers) are dark blue-green, with six large yellow or bluish spots and two smaller spots on the shoulders. They have giant compound eyes, large jaws and pale coloured hairs on the abdomen and legs.

Cicindela aurulenta [GOLDEN SPOTTED TIGER BEETLE] Sabah, Borneo 12-10-2017 Zoomology (4)Click to zoom in

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAClick to zoom in


Want to read more?

If you’d like to read more about our trip to Borneo and the wildlife we encountered there, check out some of our other blog posts here:

Zoomology DGFC

Zoomology Tarantula


References and Further Reading

Cicindela Pet and Insect Science Website – Homepage – http://www.cicindelaonline.com/
(Retrieved 1 December, 2017)

Cicindela Pet and Insect Science Website – Larva Ecology – http://www.cicindelaonline.com/larva-ecology/
(Retrieved 1 December, 2017)

Cornell University Website – When tiger beetles chase prey at high speeds they go blind temporarily, Cornell entomologists learn (1998) – http://news.cornell.edu/stories/1998/01/tiger-beetles-go-blind-chasing-prey-high-speeds
(Retrieved 1 December, 2017)

Taxo4254 Website – Golden-spotted Tiger Beetle (Fabricius, 1801) – https://taxo4254.wikispaces.com/Cicindela+aurulenta
(Retrieved 1 December, 2017)

7 Comments Add yours

  1. Fotohabitate says:

    Wow! They are really fast! It’s an interesting information why they stop from time to time.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. I found that really fascinating, too, Simone! 😀

      -Emma

      Liked by 1 person

    1. I know, right?! Thanks for popping by, Helen!

      -Emma

      Like

  2. Pete Hillman says:

    Amazing photos! I love those colours.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you, Pete! They look like little jewels on legs, don’t they? 😛

      -Emma

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Pete Hillman says:

        They sure do, Emma 🙂

        Liked by 1 person

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